a comprehensive resource of avian hand rearing techniques for captive bird populations

White-throated Kingfisher

Halcyon smyrnensis

Coraciiformes - Alcedinidae - Kingfishers

White-throated Kingfisher - Chicks

© San Diego Zoo

White-throated Kingfisher - Chicks

Distribution: Turkey south to NE Egypt, C Iraq east to Pakistan, NW India.

Habitat: Dams, ponds, canals, creeks, swamps, mudflats, beaches, mangrove edges, rice fields, bamboo forest and dry deciduous forest.

Diet: Wide variety of insects, snails, crabs and crustaceans, earthworms, fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds and small mammals.

Breeding: Nest in earthen bank of ditch, stream, river, rock crevice, tree or mud hole. Nest chamber up to 15-23cm wide and 13cm high, at end of inclined tunnel 30-150cm long and 6-8cm in diameter.

Clutch size: 4-7 eggs

Incubation: By both parents 18-20 days.

Rearing: Chicks fed by both parents.

Fledge age: 26-27 days


Protocol from San Diego Zoo

View San Diego Zoo protocol file >

Protocol established ?
Used on ? individuals
Success rate ?%


Protocol used for at least 5 individuals with over 75% success 
Used by 2 or more institutions 
Points on minimizing imprinting 
Birds went on to produce fertile eggs 
Birds went on to successfully parent rear 

Warning points

Please keep us up-to-date and contact us with your own updates or new protocols for rearing the White-throated Kingfisher.


Handbook Of The Birds Of The World. Vol 6. Mousebirds to Hornbills, Lynx Edicions, Barcelona

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