a comprehensive resource of avian hand rearing techniques for captive bird populations

White-naped Crane

Grus vipio

Gruiformes - Gruidae - Cranes

White-naped Crane - Adult

© Phill Clayton

White-naped Crane - Adult

Distribution: NE Mongolia, NE China and SE Russia.

Habitat: Shallow open wetlands and wet meadows in broad river valleys and along lake edges.

Diet: Roots and tubers of sedges and other wetland plants; also insects, small vertebrates.

Breeding: Nest is mound of dried sedges and grasses in open wetlands.

Clutch size: Two eggs.

Incubation: 28 - 32 days.

Fledge age: 70 - 75 days.


Protocol from Exmoor Zoo

View Exmoor Zoo protocol file >

Protocol established 2004
Used on 12 individuals
Success rate 91.66%


Protocol used for at least 5 individuals with over 75% success*
Used by 2 or more institutions 
Points on minimizing imprinting 
Birds went on to produce fertile eggs 
Birds went on to successfully parent rear 

Warning points

Please keep us up-to-date and contact us with your own updates or new protocols for rearing the White-naped Crane.


Del Hoya, J., Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. eds. (1996). Handbook of the Birds of the World. Vol3. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

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